Occupation given as a copper smelter in 1888. Had an interest in the Dyffryn mines worked by Joshua Lancaster which he sold to Dyffryn Mining Co.. [PRO BT31/4275/27734]
Shareholder (26 shares) of the Dyffryn Mining Co. In 1891 he sold his shareholding to Samuel Pope. [Agreement 5th January 1891]
Was connected with the Nant Uchaf manganese mines in Denbighshire operated by Abergele Hoematite Co. Ltd [Down 1980: 45].