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Holmes 1999Alan Holmes, Slates from Abergynolwyn, Caernarfon: Gwynedd Archive Services 1999, ISBN 0901337730
Holmes 2003Alan Holmes, correspondence June 2003
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Layzell Ward 2002Patricia Lazell Ward, Minfordd, correspondence December 2002 concerning manganese-related material in Ffestiniog Railway archives
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Other sources and further reading

Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, Mineral Statistics, (1848–1920)
Statistical appendices to Annual Reports of the Secretary for Mines and HM Chief Inspector of Mines, (1921–1928)
‘Domestic Haematite and Manganese’ Mining Magazine, Vol. 88 No. 2 (February 1953), pp. 66–67
Archer, A A, (1959) ‘The Distribution of Non-Ferrous ores in the Lower Palaeozoic Rocks of North Wales’ The Future of Non-Ferrous Mining in Great Britain and Ireland: a Symposium. The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy. pp. 259–276, 304–311.
F A Bannister, M H Hey and W Campbell Smith, (1955) ‘Grovesite, the manganese-rich analogue of berthierine’ Mineralogical Magazine, 30, pp. 645–647.
M A Bennett, (1987) ‘The Cambrian manganese deposits of North Wales’ Unpublished Ph.D. thesis (BLDSC thesis no. D85668), University of Leeds (Department of Earth Sciences).
M A Bennett, (1987) ‘Genesis and diagenesis of the Cambrian manganese deposits, Harlech, North Wales’ Geological Journal, 22, pp. 7–18.
J L H Binstock, (1977) ‘Petrology and sedimentation of the Cambrian manganese-rich sediments of the Harlech Dome, North Wales’ Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University. (Harvard University HOLLIS Catalogue Number: 003157199)
R Burt & P Waite, An Introduction to the Mineral Statistics of the United Kingdom, British Mining no. 23, Northern Mine Research Society, 1983
A H Curtis, Manganese Ores, Monographs on Mineral Resources, London: Imperial Institute, 1919 (lst edition)
H Dewey & C E N Bromehead, Memoirs of The Geological Survey, Special Reports on Mineral Resources, Mineral Resources of Great Britain: Tungsten and Manganese Ores, London: HMSO, 1st edition (1915)
Margaret Griffith, ‘Manganese Mining at Rhiw in Llyn between 1827 and 1945’, Caernarvonshire Historical Society, Transactions, vol 50 (1989)
A W Groves, Manganese Ores, Monographs on Mineral Resources, London: Imperial Institute, 2nd edition 1938
Helen B M Harris, ‘Manganese Mining in West Devon’ Tamar Journal, No. 9 (1987), pp. 20–24
P A Mohr, 1956. A geochemical study of the Lower Cambrian manganese ore of the Harlech Dome, North Wales. Symposium sobre yacimientos de manganeso, 20th International Geological Congress, Mexico Rep XX Congress Geol Int, tomo (vol) 5, Europa. pp 273–289, 1956
P A Mohr, 1964. Genesis of the Cambrian manganese carbonate rocks of North Wales. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 34, pp. 819–829
F J North, Mining for Metals in Wales, National Mueseum of Wales, Cardiff, 1962
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D Roberts, 1986. ‘Geochemistry of recent freshwater manganese tunnel deposits’ Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Wales
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R W Toll, ‘Manganese in West Devon’ Mining Magazine, Vol. XCIX No. 1 (July 1958), pp. 17–19
A W Woodland, 1935. Spessartite in the Cambrian manganese ore of Merionethshire. Geological Magazine, 72, 384.
A W Woodland, 1938. Petrological studies in the Harlech Grit Series of Merionethshire. I. Metamorphic changes in the mudstones of the Manganese Shale Group. Geological Magazine, 75, pp 366–382.
A W Woodland, ‘The manganese deposits of Great Britain’, Symposium sobre yacimientos de manganeso, 20th International Geological Congress, Mexico Rep XX Congress Geol Int, tomo (vol) 5, Europa. pp 197–218, 1956


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